Transylvania County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of 2000, the population was 29,334. Its county seat is Brevard.
The county was formed in 1861 from parts of Henderson County and Jackson County. Its name is derived from the Transylvania Company and has Latin origins: trans (“across”) and silva or sylva (“woods”).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 381 square miles, of which, 378 square miles of it is land and 2 square miles of it (0.57%) is water. There are over 250 waterfalls in the county, partially due to the fact that Transylvania County is the wettest county in the state. This is contrasted with Buncombe County, which is thirty miles northeast of Transylvania County receiving the lowest precipitation. The Blue Ridge Parkway traverses through parts of the county, affording spectacular views of the Appalachian Mountains, which reach over 6,000 feet elevation in the county. The highest point, Chestnut Knob (6,025 ft.), lies northwest of the county seat Brevard.