Robeson County is in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of 2004, the county had a population of 126,469—an increase of 2.54% from the 2000 census. Robeson County was formed in 1787 from Bladen County, and was named in honor of Col. Thomas Robeson of Tar Heel, North Carolina, a hero of the Revolutionary War. In 1781, Robeson and just 70 Patriots defeated an army of 400 Loyalists at the Battle of Elizabethtown.
Lumberton is the county seat. The University of North Carolina at Pembroke is located in the county.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 951 square miles, making it the largest in North Carolina. 949 square miles of it is land and 2 square miles of it (0.23%) is water. Thus, the topography is mostly level to undulating coastal plain, largely made up of sandhills and coastal dunes with elevations above mean sea level that vary from 60 feet in the extreme southeastern portion of the county to 250 feet in the north, to the west of Parkton, North Carolina. Moreover, numerous swamps that generally flow in a northwest to southeast course, characterize the area and eventually drain into the Lumbee, or Lumber River. The highest density of swamps is in that part of the county that is most populated by the Lumbee Indian Tribe of North Carolina.