Randolph County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of 2000, the population was 130,454. Its county seat is Asheboro. The center of population of North Carolina is located in Seagrove.
Some of the first settlers of what would become the county were English Quakers, who settled along the Haw and Deep River. Eno Rivers. The county was formed in 1779 from Guilford County. It was named for Peyton Randolph, first president of the Continental Congress.
Randolph County is located in the Piedmont section of central North Carolina, a region of gently rolling hills and woodlands. However, the central and western parts of the county contain the Uwharrie Mountains and the Caraway Mountains. These two ranges are the remnants of a much-higher range of ancient peaks. Today they rarely top 1,000 feet above sea level, yet due to the relative low terrain around them, they still rise 200 – 500 feet above their base. The highest point in Randolph County is Shepherd Mountain, a peak in the Caraways. The North Carolina Zoo is located atop Purgatory Mountain, one of the peaks of the Uwharries.