Person County is a county located in the Northwest Piedmont in the U.S. state of North Carolina. Part of the Durham-Chapel Hill Metropolitan Area. The population was 35,623 at the 2000 census.
The county seat is Roxboro. The southern portion of the county, closer to the Raleigh-Durham metropolitan area, is the fastest growing, with new businesses and subdivisions.
This area was inhabited by indigenous peoples, ancestors of Native Americans, for 12,000 years. The Mississippian culture peoples built earthwork mounds in their chiefdoms in the western part of the state, such as Joara. Some of these native people were encountered by the Juan Pardo expedition in the mid-1500s.
European explorers first arrived in Person County in the 1600s. Settlement by immigrants of Scots, Scots-Irish, English, French Huguenot, African and German ancestry did not take place until the mid-17th through 19th centuries.
European-Americans established Person County as part of Edgecombe County in 1746; part of Granville County from 1746-1752; included in Orange County until 1778, and even part of Caswell County until 1791/1792. By dividing Caswell County into two squares–each side measuring approximately twenty miles in length, the settlers formed two counties of 400–square miles each.
Roxboro is the only incorporated municipality in the county. There are nine townships, many with community centers or postal offices. The city of Roxboro was chartered January 9, 1855.