In 1759 portions of Bertie County, Chowan County and Northampton County became Hertford County. The county seat is Winton. The county covers an area of 360 square miles with 7 of those being water. Hertford County was named for Francis Seymour-Conway who was 1st Earl of Hertford and then later became 1st Marquess of Hertford.
One of the county’s major events takes place at the end of October every year, this is when the Meherrin Tribe of Native Americans hold their Annual Pow-Wow. The tribe has approximately 900 members to date and is recognized by the state of North Carolina. The tribe is seeking to gain Federal recognition.
Hertford County is abundant with revenue resources in the community. These include a federal prison which is privately run, Chowan University with about 900 students on any given day, a steel mill run by Nucor, several Perdue facilities, an aluminum extrusion facility located in Winton and a lumber/timber processing facility located in Ahoskie. All of these combined with the various restaurants, local retailers and many services combined make Hertford County one of the lowest areas in the state for unemployment.
Hertford County has always lagged behind the rest of North Carolina in terms of economic development. This makes the county very appealing to those who wish to relocate to the area. The county is served by the Roanoke-Chowan News-Herald Newspaper which covers Hertford County, Gates County, Bertie County and Northampton County.