Halifax County was founded in 1758 and covers an area of 731 square miles with 6 square miles being water. The county seat is Halifax. Halifax County received it’s name from George Montague-Dunk, a British Statesman who was the 2nd Earl of Halifax and the President of the Board of Trade from 1748 to 1761.
Halifax County becomes a very colorful county in early November when the cotton fields are in full bloom. There are twelve cities and towns located in Halifax County, which include Aurelian Springs, Brinkleyville, Enfield, Halifax, Heathsville, Hobgood, Littleton, Roanoke Rapids, Scotland Neck, South Rosemary, South Weldon and Weldon. The county is also divided into twelve townships.
Halifax County is the ancestral homelands of the Haliwa-Saponi tribe of Native Americans. These are only one of eight tribes recognized by the state of North Carolina. Although the Saponi tribe seems to have left the area in the 18th century, in 1979 the Haliwa tribe added the Saponi name to theirs to reflect the descent of the Saponi, Tuscarora and Nansemond peoples of the present day.