Chowan County was founded in 1668 and, covers an area of 233 square miles. The county seat of Chowan County is Edenton, NC. Chowan County was named after the Native American tribe of Chowan Indians, who were very strong in this area with the arrival of the early settlers. The name Chowan signifies or means “Southerners”
Chowan County is home to the following cities or towns; Edenton, Rockyhock and Selwin. Chowan County is home to 5 famous landmarks. The Courthouse, built in 1767 is considered to be one of the finest Georgian courthouse of the south. During the 1770’s and 1780’s it provided the setting roles of Joseph Hewes, Samuel Johnston, James Iredell and many others in their perspective local, state and national political careers. The parish at St. Paul’s Episcopal Church is the second oldest church building in North Carolina and is the oldest still in use. In 1773 a 2-story house was built and became the home of James Iredell Sr, who was a Justice on the United States Supreme Court. This national landmark became known as The James Iredell, Sr. House.
The Barker House was the home of Penelope Barker from 1728 to 1769 and we know that Penelope was the reputed leader of the Edenton Tea Party that took place in 1774. The famous Thomas Parker, Penelope’s husband, was a well-known lawyer. The house is also known as the Barker-Moore House, as it was also the home of Angus Moore for more than 120 years. The Cupola House, which dates from 1758 or 1759, is one of the most studied buildings in existence today. It has been the subject of academic research, local traditions and physical inspection due to the combining of the unusual framing and the historical importance to North Carolina history and the county of Chowan.