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Buncombe County was founded in 1791 from portions of what were Burke County and Rutherford County. The county was named in honor of a colonel in the American Revolutionary War and who was captured at the Battle of Germantown, Edward Buncombe. The county seat of Buncombe County is Asheville.

Buncombe County covers an area of 660 square miles. It has access to 2 major Interstates, Interstate 26 and Interstate 40, along with 5 US Highways, which include US Highways 19, 23, 25, 70 and 74. The Blue Ridge Parkway and Pisgah National Forest, located in Buncombe county are considered to be national protected areas. Buncombe County is divided into 16 townships; Asheville, Avery Creek, Black Mountain, Broad River, Fairview, Flat Creek, French Broad, Ivy, Leicester, Limestone, Lower Hominy, Reems Creek, Sandy Mush, Swannanoa, Upper Hominy and Woodfin

Located as a part of the city of Asheville in Buncombe County is a little historic community called Enka. Enka was developed in 1928 as a company town for the Dutch-based American Enka Company, which at the time was the nation’s largest rayon-producing factory. It was in 1929 that the company began developing the community plans to include employee housing and as it developed became known as Enka Village.

On November 30th, 1943 the US Navy launched a battleship named after Buncombe County called the USS Buncombe County – LST-510 during WWII. The battleship was home to about 130 officers and enlisted men during her service with the Navy. She was decommissioned on July 1st, 1946. The USS Buncombe County was awarded 1 battle star for injuries received during WWII. The ship was destined to her fate in 1960 or 1961 when she was sold to become a commercial ferry.


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